Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

`This image shows 82% of jobs are regional. 10% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 56% of workers are self-employed.

16% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 27% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 8% of workers hold an other qualification. 49% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Annual Employment Growth (%)

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing is an industry largely made up of workers employed in agribusiness. Most are farmers, living in regional Australia and managing their own properties. This is reflected in the high level of self-employment (around one in two workers, the highest percentage of any industry). Around 40% of workers are aged 55 years or older (again, the highest of any industry). While many industries across Australia have been negatively affected by COVID-19, Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing continues to present employment opportunities through seasonal work such as fruit picking.

Top Emerging Occupations

Occupation
Livestock Farmers
Crop Farmers
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers
Livestock Farm Workers
Crop Farm Workers
Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural Plant Operators
Bookkeepers
Truck Drivers
Packers
Deck and Fishing Hands
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farm Workers
Accounting Clerks
Agricultural and Forestry Scientists
General Clerks
Garden and Nursery Labourers
Gardeners
Shearers
Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers
Other Miscellaneous Technicians and Trades Workers
Office Managers

The need for formal qualifications is less common, with around half of this workforce having no post-school qualifications. Instead, practical skills and experience are more highly valued, with many of these skills being learnt on the job. Formal qualifications, though, can be gained through the VET sector. It is important to note that technologically advanced production systems (i.e. farm automation, artificial intelligence) are becoming more common and the employers who use such systems will require more highly skilled workers.

When looking for work in this industry, seasonal work is fairly common and may present short-term opportunities for job seekers of all ages.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; Australia Government Department of Agriculture, ABARES farm survey results 2018, September 2019.