Jobs by Industry

Jobs by Industry Jon Wundersitz Mon, 11/23/2020 - 13:32

Australia's largest employing industries

The top employing occupations for Health Care and Social Assistance are Registered Nurses, Aged and Disabled Carers and Child Carers

Health Care and Social Assistance accounts for 14% of Australian workers, and 78% are female.

The top employing occupations for Retail Trade are General Sales Assistants, Retail Managers and Checkout Operations and Office Cashiers. Construction.

Retail Trade accounts for 10% of Australian workers, and 31% are aged 15 to 24 years.

The top employing occupations for Construction are Carpenters and Joiners, Electricians and Construction Managers.

Construction accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 50% have a cert 3 or higher vet qualification.

The top employing occupations for Professionals, Scientific and Technical Services are Accountants, Software and Applications Programmers and Solicitors.

Professionals, Scientific and Technical Services accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 78% are full-time.

The top employing occupations for Education and Training are Primary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers and Education Aides.

Education and Training accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 89% hold post-school qualifications.

This image displays the top five largest employing industries in Australia. Health Care and Social Assistance. This industry accounts for 14% of Australian workers. 78% are female and the top employing occupations are Registered Nurses, Aged and Disabled Carers and Child Carers. Retail Trade. This industry accounts for 10% of Australian workers. 31% are aged 15 to 24 years and the top employing occupations are General Sales Assistants, Retail Managers and Checkout Operations and Office Cashiers. Construction. This industry accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 50% have a cert 3 or higher vet qualification and the top employing occupations are Carpenters and Joiners, Electricians and Construction Managers. Professionals, Scientific and Technical Services. This industry accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 78% are full-time and the top employing occupations are Accountants, Software and Applications Programmers and Solicitors. Education and Training. This industry accounts for 9% of Australian workers. 89% hold post-school qualifications and the top employing occupations are Primary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers and Education Aides.

Health Care and Social Assistance

Health Care and Social Assistance Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 11:34

This image shows 32% of jobs are regional. 9% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 10% of workers are self-employed.

46% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 18% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Health Care and Social Assistance is Australia’s largest employing industry and, given the COVID-19 pandemic, has a critically important workforce. It covers health services like hospitals, General Practitioners, dental and ambulance services, as well as services like child care and aged care.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Registered Nurses
Aged and Disabled Carers
Child Carers
Nursing Support and Personal Care Workers
Receptionists
General Practitioners and Resident Medical Officers
Welfare Support Workers
General Clerks
Physiotherapists
Kitchenhands
Psychologists
Dental Assistants
Social Workers
Practice Managers
Medical Technicians
Health and Welfare Services Managers
Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses
Commercial Cleaners
Welfare, Recreation and Community Arts Workers
Midwives

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This industry has a large proportion of part-time workers, with 46% of the workforce employed part-time (compared with the Australian average of 31%). There is also a significant share of female workers in Health Care and Social Assistance (nearly four in five workers are female).

Post-school education is commonly required in this industry with more than 80% of workers having a post-school qualification. Qualifications are often mandatory for employment but training opportunities exist in both the higher education and VET sectors.

Demand is expected to continue for this industry, given the COVID-19 pandemic and Australia’s ageing population.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Education and Training

Education and Training Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:01

This image shows 32% of jobs are regional. 9% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 7% of workers are self-employed.

64% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 20% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 11% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Education and Training is one of Australia’s largest employing industries and includes teaching occupations across all levels of schools, as well as University Lecturers and Tutors. Around 71% of the workforce is female, the second highest percentage for any industry within Australia. Part-time work is also relatively common (around 40% of jobs).

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Primary School Teachers
Secondary School Teachers
Education Aides
University Lecturers and Tutors
Private Tutors and Teachers
General Clerks
Child Carers
Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers
Special Education Teachers
Vocational Education Teachers
School Principals
Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials
Education Advisers and Reviewers
Commercial Cleaners
Office Managers
Counsellors
Other Education Managers
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Receptionists
Bookkeepers

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Most people who work in Education and Training have post-school qualifications, with almost two-thirds of workers holding a bachelor degree or higher (the highest of any industry). Reflecting the time taken to gain these qualifications, only 9% of this workforce is aged 15 to 24 years old. While most jobs need a university degree, lower skilled jobs like Education Aides can provide an employment pathway.

In addition, a relatively large share of workers are aged 55 years or older (22%), which suggests retirements will create employment opportunities in this industry over the next decade.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Construction

Construction Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:04

This image shows 33% of jobs are regional. 15% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 37% of workers are self-employed.

12% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 50% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 3% of workers hold an other qualification. 35% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Construction is one of Australia’s largest employing industries, with employment opportunities available at all skill and experience levels across the country. The most common entry into this industry is through the completion of an apprenticeship or traineeship, which is reflected in the workforce’s educational attainment (50% of workers possess a certificate III or higher VET qualification).

Just over one in three workers, though, do not possess any post-school qualifications and 16% of the workforce are Labourers which suggests there are some good entry level opportunities.

Top employing occupations

Occupation
Carpenters and Joiners
Electricians
Construction Managers
Plumbers
Building and Plumbing Labourers
Painting Trades Workers
Architectural, Building and Surveying Technicians
Concreters
Earthmoving Plant Operators
Plasterers
Civil Engineering Professionals
Gardeners
Bricklayers and Stonemasons
General Clerks
Handypersons
Insulation and Home Improvement Installers
Office Managers
Accounting Clerks
Truck Drivers
Wall and Floor Tilers

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This industry offers plenty of opportunities for self-employment, and more than one in three workers report being their own boss. More information on self-employment.

Construction has the lowest percentage of female employment of any industry within Australia (13%).

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work

Manufacturing

Manufacturing Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:06

This image shows 31% of jobs are regional. 11% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 11% of workers are self-employed.

19% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 35% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 41% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Australia’s Manufacturing industry is a very diverse workforce and covers the manufacture of food and beverages, petroleum and coal, polymer products, machinery, furniture and more.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers
Production Managers
Metal Fitters and Machinists
Packers
Food and Drink Factory Workers
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Product Assemblers
Storepersons
Cabinetmakers
Bakers and Pastrycooks
Sales Assistants (General)
Forklift Drivers
Manufacturers
Meat, Poultry and Seafood Process Workers
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
Accounting Clerks
Office Managers
Engineering Production Workers
Sales Representatives
Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers

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While it is common for workers to hold a certificate III or higher VET qualification, employers in this industry also value trade experience and practical knowledge. This is shown by the sizeable proportion of workers who do not have post-school qualifications (around 40% of the workforce). While around 100,000 young people are employed in Manufacturing, they represent a relatively small part of this industry (11% are aged 15 to 24 years old).

Employment in this industry is typically full-time (85%).

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:13

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Professional, Scientific and Technical Services is a large and diverse industry and includes legal and accounting services, veterinary services, and computer system design. Employment is mostly located in capital cities and 64% of jobs are concentrated in New South Wales and Victoria.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Accountants
Software and Applications Programmers
Solicitors
Management and Organisation Analysts
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators
Advertising and Marketing Professionals
Architects and Landscape Architects
Bookkeepers
General Clerks
ICT Support Technicians
Civil Engineering Professionals
Architectural, Building and Surveying Technicians
ICT Managers
Veterinary Nurses
Office Managers
Computer Network Professionals
ICT Business and Systems Analysts
Accounting Clerks
Conveyancers and Legal Executives

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This is a highly skilled workforce, with more than 80% holding post-school qualifications. Professionals represent 59% of this industry and more than a quarter are self-employed.

A small share of this workforce is young (aged 15 to 24 years old), reflecting the time it takes to attain the required qualifications.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Financial and Insurance Services

Financial and Insurance Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:17

This image shows 14% of jobs are regional. 6% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 12% of workers are self-employed.

53% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 24% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 3% of workers hold an other qualification. 20% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Employment in the Financial and Insurance Services industry includes banking, insurance and superannuation funds, as well as financial brokering services. Employment is concentrated primarily in capital cities, particularly along Australia’s east coast, with nearly half the workforce located in New South Wales.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Bank Workers
Financial Investment Advisers and Managers
Financial Brokers
Insurance, Money Market and Statistical Clerks
Credit and Loans Officers
Software and Applications Programmers
Accountants
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
General Clerks
Finance Managers
Financial Dealers
Insurance Agents
Other Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers
Auditors, Company Secretaries and Corporate Treasurers
Management and Organisation Analysts
Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists
Information Officers
Accounting Clerks
ICT Business and Systems Analysts
ICT Managers

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This workforce is highly qualified, with 80% holding post-school qualifications (compared with 68% across all industries). Almost all jobs are for Professionals, Clerical and Administrative Workers and Managers.

Reflecting the time it takes to attain the required qualifications, a small share of this workforce is aged 15 to 24 years old (just 6%). That said, Bank Workers is the largest employing occupation within Financial and Insurance Services and this role generally does not require post-school qualifications and can provide a pathway into the industry.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Retail Trade

Retail Trade Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:19

This image shows 32% of jobs are regional. 31% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 11% of workers are self-employed.

 18% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 26% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 52% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Australia’s economy and jobs market will take time to rebound from the impacts of COVID-19. While Retail Trade was one of the most severely affected industries, businesses are gradually reopening and transitioning to new ways of working. Despite these challenges, Retail Trade remains Australia’s second largest employing industry.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
General Sales Assistants
Retail Managers
Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers
Shelf Fillers
Pharmacy Sales Assistants
Storepersons
Retail Supervisors
Motor Vehicle and Vehicle Parts Salespersons
Pharmacists
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
Motor Mechanics
Sales Representatives
Butchers and Smallgoods Makers
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
General Clerks
Service Station Attendants
Bakers and Pastrycooks
Delivery Drivers
Information Officers
Forklift Drivers

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Retail Trade employs more young people than most other industries. This is because entry level roles within the industry generally do not require prior experience or qualifications, with more than half of the workers having no post-school qualifications. Many occupations in the industry can also provide flexible hours, allowing work around school and other commitments.

It is important to remember that jobs in this industry might not always be formally advertised. When looking for work in Retail Trade, remember to ask friends, family and any other contacts if they are aware of any job opportunities. Opportunities might be available by word of mouth, or via signs in shop windows and through social media.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Wholesale Trade

Wholesale Trade Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:26

This image shows 24% of jobs are regional. 9% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 14% of workers are self-employed. .

25% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 28% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 42% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification

Wholesalers do not usually have a shopfront to sell their items; they are the middle step between producers and retailers. Wholesale Trade is one of the smaller employing industries, with employment mainly located in the capital cities along Australia’s east coast.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Storepersons
Sales Representatives
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Importers, Exporters and Wholesalers
Technical Sales Representatives
Truck Drivers
General Sales Assistants
Accounting Clerks
Forklift Drivers
Retail Managers
Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers
Office Managers
General Clerks
Delivery Drivers
Metal Fitters and Machinists
Accountants
Packers
Advertising and Marketing Professionals
Bookkeepers

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Despite its relatively small size, Wholesale Trade has opportunities across many occupations, with most jobs being for Managers, Clerical and Administrative Workers, Sales Workers and Machinery Operators and Drivers. While more than 40% of this workforce does not have post-school qualifications, only a small share of this industry are younger workers (9% are aged 15 to 24 years).

Although entry level opportunities exist in every industry, positions in Wholesale Trade may be better suited to older job seekers who possess the practical experience employers seek.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Mining

Mining Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:30

This image shows 51% of jobs are regional. 6% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 1% of workers are self-employed.

 24% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 43% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 2% of workers hold an other qualification. 31% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Mining is an important industry in terms of its export revenue, but it is a relatively small employing industry (accounting for around 2% of Australian jobs).

Employment is largely concentrated in Western Australia and Queensland, and the majority of jobs are located in regional areas. Workers are often expected to travel for work, with fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) arrangements relatively common.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers
Metal Fitters and Machinists
Truck Drivers
Other Building and Engineering Technicians
Electricians
Production Managers
Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers
Mining Engineers
Other Stationary Plant Operators
Earthmoving Plant Operators
Accountants
Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Other Construction and Mining Labourers
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
Storepersons
Structural Steel Construction Workers
Motor Mechanics
Human Resource Managers
Occupational and Environmental Health Professionals

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Post-school qualifications are often required to work in Mining. Around 40% of workers hold a certificate III or higher vocational qualification, and 24% possess a bachelor degree or higher. One third of workers are Machinery Operators and Drivers, 26% are Technicians and Trades Workers and 18% are Professionals.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; Australia Government Department of Agriculture, ABARES farm survey results 2018, September 2019.

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:33

`This image shows 82% of jobs are regional. 10% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 56% of workers are self-employed.

16% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 27% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 8% of workers hold an other qualification. 49% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing is an industry largely made up of workers employed in agribusiness. Most are farmers, living in regional Australia and managing their own properties. This is reflected in the high level of self-employment (around one in two workers, the highest percentage of any industry). Around 40% of workers are aged 55 years or older (again, the highest of any industry). While many industries across Australia have been negatively affected by COVID-19, Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing continues to present employment opportunities through seasonal work such as fruit picking.

Top Emerging Occupations

Occupation
Livestock Farmers
Crop Farmers
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers
Livestock Farm Workers
Crop Farm Workers
Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural Plant Operators
Bookkeepers
Truck Drivers
Packers
Deck and Fishing Hands
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farm Workers
Accounting Clerks
Agricultural and Forestry Scientists
General Clerks
Garden and Nursery Labourers
Gardeners
Shearers
Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers
Other Miscellaneous Technicians and Trades Workers
Office Managers

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The need for formal qualifications is less common, with around half of this workforce having no post-school qualifications. Instead, practical skills and experience are more highly valued, with many of these skills being learnt on the job. Formal qualifications, though, can be gained through the VET sector. It is important to note that technologically advanced production systems (i.e. farm automation, artificial intelligence) are becoming more common and the employers who use such systems will require more highly skilled workers.

When looking for work in this industry, seasonal work is fairly common and may present short-term opportunities for job seekers of all ages.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; Australia Government Department of Agriculture, ABARES farm survey results 2018, September 2019.

Accommodation and Food Services

Accommodation and Food Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:34

This image shows 34% of jobs are regional. 45% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 11% of workers are self-employed.

18% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 23% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 52% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Accommodation and Food Services provides many opportunities for young people looking for their first job, or for mature aged workers looking to re-enter the workforce. Most entry level roles within this industry generally do not need prior experience or qualifications, with more than half of the workers not having post-school qualifications. Many occupations also provide flexible hours (around 61% of workers are employed part-time), allowing for work around school and other commitments.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Waiters
Kitchenhands
Bar Attendants and Baristas
Chefs
General Sales Assistants
Cafe and Restaurant Managers
Fast Food Cooks
Retail Managers
Cooks
Cafe Workers
Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers
Hotel and Motel Managers
Delivery Drivers
Commercial Cleaners
Receptionists
Housekeepers
Hotel Service Managers
Retail Supervisors
Conference and Event Organisers
Licensed Club Managers

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This is one of the industries most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite this, Accommodation and Food Services continues to provide many jobs, even if some of these jobs have changed to reflect this particular situation (for example, wait staff becoming delivery drivers). As lockdown restrictions ease, businesses in this industry are expected to see a significant increase in demand.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Arts and Recreation Services

Arts and Recreation Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:35

This image shows 27% of jobs are regional. 23% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 17% of workers are self-employed.

29% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 25% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 39% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Arts and Recreation Services has a relatively young workforce (23% are aged 15 to 24 years), with most employed as Community and Personal Service Workers (27% of employment) or Professionals (23%).

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant negative impact on employment in the Arts and Recreation Services industry. While some organisations have been gradually reopening and transitioning to new ways of working, businesses in some parts of the country remain on hold.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials
Sportspersons
Fitness Instructors
Amusement, Fitness and Sports Centre Managers
Music Professionals
Gardeners
Other Specialist Managers
Greenkeepers
Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers
Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals
Gaming Workers
Receptionists
Authors, and Book and Script Editors
General Clerks
Environmental Scientists
Bar Attendants and Baristas
Information Officers
Other Miscellaneous Labourers
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Sales Assistants (General)

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Businesses using alternative delivery methods and technologies to engage with customers are creating new employment opportunities. For example, delivering fitness classes via online video conferencing, live streaming or video on demand may be solutions in the short-term (recognising that this may not be possible for every business within this industry).

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Transport, Postal and Warehousing

Transport, Postal and Warehousing Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:37

This image shows 25% of jobs are regional. 8% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 20% of workers are self-employed.

21% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 4% of workers hold an other qualification. 44% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Transport, Postal and Warehousing is a diverse industry that revolves around the movement of people and goods by road, rail or air. Postal and courier services, warehousing and storage are also included.

While qualifications are generally not required for occupations in this industry (almost half of the workers do not have post-school qualifications), licences and tickets may be needed. Examples include a forklift licence, truck/heavy vehicle licence, construction white card and working at heights ticket.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Truck Drivers
Automobile Drivers
Couriers and Postal Deliverers
Storepersons
Bus and Coach Drivers
Delivery Drivers
Forklift Drivers
Transport and Despatch Clerks
Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers
Train and Tram Drivers
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks
Air Transport Professionals
Freight and Furniture Handlers
Transport Services Managers
Travel Attendants
General Clerks
Other Miscellaneous Labourers
Mail Sorters
Other Mobile Plant Operators
Sales Assistants (General)

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Around one in five workers are either self-employed or work part-time, suggesting that there are options for contract work or flexible hours across many occupations in this industry, including Bus and Coach Drivers, Delivery Drivers and Truck Drivers.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services

Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:41

This image shows 33% of jobs are regional. 6% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 5% of workers are self-employed.

32% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 35% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 26% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services is a relatively small employing industry, accounting for around 1% of Australian jobs.

This industry covers electricity supply, generation, transmission and distribution, gas supply, water supply as well as sewerage and waste disposal.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Truck Drivers
Electricians
Electrical Distribution Trades Workers
Other Stationary Plant Operators
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Electrical Engineers
Chemical, Gas, Petroleum and Power Generation Plant Operators
Accountants
General Clerks
Information Officers
Plumbers
Other Specialist Managers
Accounting Clerks
Management and Organisation Analysts
Civil Engineering Professionals
Building and Plumbing Labourers
Earthmoving Plant Operators
Metal Fitters and Machinists
Other Factory Process Workers
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers

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This industry covers electricity supply, generation, transmission and distribution, gas supply, water supply as well as sewerage and waste disposal.

This industry has a highly skilled workforce, with nearly three quarters of the workforce having a post-school qualification (74%). The VET sector is the main training pathway and entry into this industry is predominantly though the completion of an apprenticeship or traineeship. Information on VET pathways can be found in the Education and Training section.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Administrative and Support Services

Administrative and Support Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:42

This image shows 28% of jobs are regional. 11% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 27% of workers are self-employed.

23% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 28% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 6% of workers hold an other qualification. 43% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Administrative and Support Services is a small but essential industry which covers many services including office administration, debt collection, call centres, travel agencies, building cleaning, pest control and gardening services.

Given the top two employing occupations in this industry are cleaner roles, demand for these services is likely to be maintained as businesses increase both the frequency and rigorousness of their cleaning schedules.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Commercial Cleaners
Domestic Cleaners
Human Resource Professionals
Gardeners
Tourism and Travel Advisers
Garden and Nursery Labourers
Conference and Event Organisers
General Clerks
Call or Contact Centre Workers
Office Managers
Human Resource Managers
Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers
Other Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers
Other Cleaners
Accounting Clerks
Other Miscellaneous Labourers
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Packers
Accountants
Keyboard Operators

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This industry provides good part-time employment opportunities, with 42% of the workforce employed in this manner. Many jobs also do not need post-school qualifications, although some practical experience may be highly regarded by employers. Jobs like cleaning and gardening can be physically demanding and may not be suited to all job seekers.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Public Administration and Safety

Public Administration and Safety Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:43

This image shows 30% of jobs are regional. 6% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 2% of workers are self-employed.

43% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 21% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Public Administration and Safety includes federal, state and local government administration and services like the police force. It was one of the few industries to experience growth over the COVID-19 pandemic. The increase in workers is potentially due to the development and implementation of support programs as part of the Australian Government’s Coronavirus economic response, or equivalent state/territory government initiatives.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
General Clerks
Police
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Security Officers and Guards
Inspectors and Regulatory Officers
Intelligence and Policy Analysts
Information Officers
Prison Officers
Other Miscellaneous Labourers
Office Managers
Welfare Support Workers
Policy and Planning Managers
Accounting Clerks
Fire and Emergency Workers
Other Information and Organisation Professionals
Accountants
Other Specialist Managers
Welfare, Recreation and Community Arts Workers
Human Resource Professionals
Keyboard Operators

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This workforce is highly skilled (more than three quarters of workers hold post-school qualifications), relatively old (just 6% are aged 15 to 24 years) and full-time work is common (83% of employment). Given this, there are fewer opportunities for entry level positions within this industry. All federal government departments, though, offer graduate programs for university graduates interested in a career in the Australian Public Service.

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Information Media and Telecommunications

Information Media and Telecommunications Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:48

This image 17% of jobs are regional. 11% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 14% of workers are self-employed.

43% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 26% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 4% of workers hold an other qualification. 27% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

While Information Media and Telecommunications is a relatively small industry (representing around 2% of employment within Australia), it has a diverse profile and includes businesses such as newspaper and internet publishers, television and radio broadcasters, and telecommunications infrastructure and networks.

Employment is predominantly located in Sydney or Melbourne, but around one in five jobs are in regional Australia. It is a highly skilled workforce, with more than two thirds having a post-school qualification. Around 45% of workers are Professionals, 17% are Technicians and Trades Workers, 15% are Managers, and a further 12% are Clerical and Administrative Workers.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Telecommunications Trades Workers
Film, Television, Radio and Stage Directors
Journalists and Other Writers
Artistic Directors, and Media Producers and Presenters
Telecommunications Engineering Professionals
ICT Managers
Software and Applications Programmers
Librarians
Performing Arts Technicians
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Accountants
Computer Network Professionals
Advertising and Marketing Professionals
Ticket Salespersons
General Clerks
Sales Representatives
ICT Sales Assistants
Gallery, Library and Museum Technicians

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While qualifications are generally mandatory for the more technical roles, employers in some sectors of the industry (for example, publishing and broadcasting) may also value prior experience. A portfolio is a good way to present evidence of your relevant skills and abilities. 

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.

Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services

Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services Jon Wundersitz Tue, 11/03/2020 - 14:49

This image 25% of jobs are regional. 10% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 25% of workers are self-employed. .

32% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 6% of workers hold an other qualification. 31% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification

While Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services has shown some growth over the past few years, it remains a relatively small industry. Almost 42% of the workforce are Sales Workers, with Real Estate Sales Agents accounting for most of these.

Top Employing Occupations

Occupation
Real Estate Sales Agents
General Clerks
Other Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers
Land Economists and Valuers
Receptionists
Office Managers
Accountants
Accounting Clerks
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Construction Managers
Other Sales Assistants and Salespersons
Bookkeepers
Information Officers
Personal Assistants
Commercial Cleaners
Contract, Program and Project Administrators
Advertising and Marketing Professionals
Secretaries
Metal Fitters and Machinists
Financial Investment Advisers and Managers

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Workers in this industry generally have a broad range of qualifications, indicating that employment opportunities exist for people of all skill levels and qualifications. Work is commonly full-time (71%).

Around 10% of workers are aged between 15 to 24 years old (below the national average of 14%).

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work.