Jobs by Occupation

Jobs by Occupation Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 10:36
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Jobs by Occupation infographic page.  Managers. 1 in 4 are aged 55 years or old and the top employing occupations are Retail Managers; Advertising, Publication Relations and Sales Managers; and Construction Managers. Professionals. 3 out of 4 hold a bachelor degree or higher qualification and the top employing occupations are Registered Nurses; Accountants; and Primary School Teachers. Technicians and Trades Workers. 83% are employed full-time and the top employing occupations are Electricians

Managers

Managers Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 10:37
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Graphic shows image 33% of jobs are regional. 3% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 33% of workers are self-employed.
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Graphic shows image 40% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 30% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 4% of workers hold an other qualification. 26% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

There are around 1.7 million Australians employed in Manager roles across the country. These occupations can be very diverse and Managers work across many different types of organisations and industries.

Are qualifications or experience needed?

This is a relatively skilled group, as Managers generally hold senior positions, taking responsibility for staff and operations. This means qualifications and experience are usually needed, however, sometimes significant on-the-job experience is sufficient.

  • The majority of Managers hold post-school qualifications, although this is less common for Farmers and Farm Managers and Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers.
  • The need for workplace experience is reflected in the age profile of the workforce. More than half of all Managers are aged 45 years or older. Just 3% are aged 15 to 24 years, although there are more opportunities for young people in Hospitality, Retail and Service Manager roles (accounting for 7% of this group).

Managers are typically skilled in communication and building relationships, planning, budgeting and problem solving.

Top employing occupations

  This industry
Retail Managers 262,500
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers 156,500
Construction Managers 116,700
Livestock Farmers 90,600
ICT Managers 84,400
General Managers 76,900
Other Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers 76,800
Human Resource Managers 72,000
Finance Managers 68,700
Cafe and Restaurant Managers 65,500
Production Managers 61,500
Chief Executives and Managing Directors 57,200
Other Specialist Managers 52,200
Corporate Services Managers 48,200
Call or Contact Centre and Customer Service Managers 46,100
Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers 41,800
Crop Farmers 40,800
Policy and Planning Managers 33,000
Health and Welfare Services Managers 32,900
Conference and Event Organisers 28,700

In which industries do managers work?

Managers work in every industry, but the largest shares are in Retail Trade and Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (12% and 11% respectively). Other major employing industries include Manufacturing (9%), Construction (9%) and Accommodation and Food Services (8%).

Some Manager occupations are concentrated in specific industries. For example, Café and Restaurant Managers are mainly employed in Accommodation and Food Services. For other Manager occupations, such as General Managers and Human Resource Managers, employment is spread across all industries.

Are there job opportunities?

When looking for Manager vacancies, remember they are not always advertised online. Some positions are filled by the promotion of existing workers, while others are advertised in less formal ways such as word-of-mouth or head hunting. It is important for job seekers who are looking for Manager positions to remember this and use professional networks to help bolster their recruitment chances.

Within this occupation group, the National Skills Commission’s 2021 Skills Priority List identified skills shortages for around 12% of all Manager occupations. Some key Manager occupations which are both in shortage and have strong projected national future demand include Quality Assurance Manager and ICT Project Manager.

Will there be future opportunities?

Mangers often perform a range of non-routine, cognitive duties (such as problem solving) so this occupation group is less susceptible to automation.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Managers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Chief Executives, General Managers and Legislators 133.2 11.7 9.6 11 32 0 30 54 15 18 -5.9
Farmers and Farm Managers 165.6 3.3 2.0 26 29 2 57 18 30 44 1.7
Specialist Managers 902.8 197.3 28.0 11 37 2 22 51 29 17 10.3
Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers 552.2 56.3 11.4 21 46 7 23 25 33 37 1.9
All Managers 1,743.4 209.8 13.7 15 39 3 26 40 30 26 6.1

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employment Projections; National Skills Commission, Employers’ Recruitment Insights; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021.

Professionals

Professionals Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 11:00
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The Professionals graphic shows image 23% of jobs are regional. 6% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 14% of workers are self-employed.
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78% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 13% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 2% of workers hold an other qualification. 7% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Professionals is the largest employing occupation group in Australia (accounting for one in every four workers).

There are clear differences in the representation of men and women across occupations in the Professionals group. Around 75% of Health Professionals and 72% of Education Professionals are female, but 79% of ICT Professionals are male. The extent of part-time employment also varies, being relatively rare for ICT Professionals but more common for Arts and Media Professionals, Health Professionals, and Education Professionals.

Are qualifications or experience needed?

Most Professional jobs require a bachelor degree or higher qualification (78% of Professionals have this level of qualification), so university study is the main pathway for employment. Reflecting the time it takes to gain relevant qualifications, a relatively small proportion of Professionals are aged 15 to 24 years (only 6%).

In addition to qualifications, skills that are often required to be a Professional include communication, planning, project management, problem solving, writing and research.

Top employing occupations

Registered Nurses 309,100
Accountants 198,100
Primary School Teachers 178,900
Software and Applications Programmers 150,700
Secondary School Teachers 121,000
Management and Organisation Analysts 101,500
Solicitors 96,600
Advertising and Marketing Professionals 88,900
Human Resource Professionals 80,400
General Practitioners and Resident Medical Officers 70,200
University Lecturers and Tutors 60,400
Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators 54,100
Civil Engineering Professionals 53,000
Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists 52,800
Financial Investment Advisers and Managers 52,100
Private Tutors and Teachers 51,900
Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers 51,100
Other Information and Organisation Professionals 49,000
Architects and Landscape Architects 46,400
Pharmacists 42,600

Are there job opportunities?

There will continue to be job opportunities for Professionals. Along with the rising demand for these workers, the supply of university educated Australians is also increasing, with higher education enrolments increasing significantly over the past decade. With more university graduates, and more people searching for work, there are now large numbers of qualified applicants competing for some Professional occupations.

With increased competition, job seekers are encouraged to be as flexible as possible with their availability and highlight their transferable skills and experience. Employers will be looking for reliable and flexible workers, with good communication skills who can learn new tasks quickly and adapt to new working environments. If you can, give examples from your work history which highlight these skills and can help you stand out from the crowd.

Within this occupation group, the National Skills Commission’s 2021 Skills Priority List identifies skills shortages for around 19% of all Professional occupations. Accountant, Developer Programmer and Software Engineer are all large employing occupations which are in shortage and have strong projected future demand

In which industries do Professionals work?

Around two-thirds of Professionals are employed in just three industries: Health Care and Social Assistance (23% of Professional employment), Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (22%) and Education and Training (21%).

Employment by occupation subgroup, Professionals

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Arts and Media Professionals 121.5 19.5 19.1 40 55 10 19 55 20 24 4.2
Business, Human Resource and Marketing Professionals 841.3 171.4 25.6 18 50 5 16 73 15 10 9.5
Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals 494.3 103.2 26.4 17 33 8 15 76 15 7 12.1
Education Professionals 640.8 114.1 21.7 35 72 8 22 84 9 5 8.7
Health Professionals 703.4 142.2 25.3 38 75 6 20 85 10 2 15.2
ICT Professionals 344.6 92.5 36.7 8 21 5 10 70 16 11 26.6
Legal, Social and Welfare Professionals 284.0 72.7 34.4 29 67 4 21 82 12 5 17.5
All Professionals 3,415.5 681.1 24.9 26 55 6 18 78 13 7 13.2

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employment Projections; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021. 

Technicians and Trades Workers

Technicians and Trades Workers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:16
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The Technicians and Trades Workers graphic shows image 35% of jobs are regional. 16% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 24% of workers are self-employed.
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11% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 57% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 25% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Technicians and Trades Workers undertake a variety of skilled manual tasks. They apply technical, trade or industry specific knowledge in construction, manufacturing, scientific, engineering and other activities.

Regional employment is fairly common with more than a third of workers employed across regional Australia.

A relatively large proportion of this group are self-employed (24%), particularly Construction Trades Workers (43%), and full-time work is common.

Technicians and Trades Workers has the second lowest percentage of female workers of any occupation group (16%). This is especially apparent for Automotive and Engineering Trades Workers, Construction Trades Workers, and Electrotechnology and Telecommunications Trades Workers with women representing less than 3% of these workforces. That said, some occupations have large shares of female workers, such as Veterinary Nurses (95%) and Hairdressers (81%).

What qualifications and skills are needed?

Around 60% of Technicians and Trades Workers hold a certificate III or higher vocational qualification, with apprenticeships and traineeships providing a key training pathway for many occupations in this group.

Top employing occupations

Electricians 175,900
Carpenters and Joiners 143,100
Motor Mechanics 106,600
Metal Fitters and Machinists 106,000
Chefs 91,200
Plumbers 84,600
Gardeners 83,000
Architectural, Building and Surveying Technicians 78,200
Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers 77,500
Hairdressers 65,100
ICT Support Technicians 61,100
Painting Trades Workers 44,400
Cooks 43,600
Bakers and Pastrycooks 39,600
Other Building and Engineering Technicians 35,100
Medical Technicians 33,800
Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics 28,500
Cabinetmakers 25,700
Bricklayers and Stonemasons 24,100
Electronics Trades Workers 24,100

In which industries are Technicians and Trades Workers employed?

Construction accounts for the largest share of these workers (32%), followed by Manufacturing (13%) and Other Services (which includes automotive repair and maintenance) (13%).

Are there job opportunities?

With federal and state governments introducing or bringing forward infrastructure projects, the Construction industry (and therefore Technician and Trades Workers) will remain an important source of jobs for Australians now and into the future.

Many vacancies for Technicians and Trades Workers can be advertised informally. When seeking work in this occupation, it pays to be proactive by approaching employers directly (e.g. by email or by phone), checking social media (including jobs groups on Facebook), and reaching out through your network of family and friends.

Analysis by the National Skills Commission in the 2021 Skills Priority List indicated shortages are most common in the Technicians and Trades Workers occupation group, with 42% of assessed occupations in shortage. Electrician, Chef and Metal Fabricator are all large employing occupations which are in shortage and have strong projected future demand.

Will there be future opportunities?

Demand is likely to be ongoing for Technicians and Trades Workers. Given their role within the economy, there will always be demand for those workers who can build, construct, fix and mend. While there may be the risk of automation for some routine tasks, many occupations involve non-routine or unpredictable duties which are more difficult to automate.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Technicians and Trades Workers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Engineering, ICT and Science Technicians 278.8 45.8 19.7 16 26 7 16 31 47 17 11.2
Automotive and Engineering Trades Workers 356.8 20.6 6.1 8 1 15 19 3 66 21 0.2
Construction Trades Workers 368.4 -13.8 -3.6 11 2 21 14 3 60 29 4.1
Electrotechnology and Telecommunications Trades Workers 250.5 13.2 5.6 8 2 18 14 8 63 23 6.9
Food Trades Workers 196.6 38.6 24.5 34 35 15 16 15 47 32 9.9
Skilled Animal and Horticultural Workers 139.9 23.9 20.6 35 33 17 23 13 45 34 7.2
Other Technicians and Trades Workers 192.7 9.2 5.0 32 46 17 18 12 58 24 0.7
All Technicians and Trades Workers 1,783.4 125.8 7.6 17 16 16 17 11 57 25 5.4

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employment Projections; National Skills Commission, Employers’ Recruitment Insights; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021.

Community and Personal Service Workers

Community and Personal Service Workers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:22
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The Community and Personal Service Workers graphic shows image 35% of jobs are regional. 23% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 9% of workers are self-employed.
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23% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 47% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 25% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Community and Personal Service Workers provide a wide range of services, including in the areas of aged and disability care, health and social welfare, child care, hospitality, policing, tourism and sports. Employment is largely concentrated in two industries, with 40% employed in Health Care and Social Assistance and 18% in Accommodation and Food Services.

Workers are mainly female (69%) and part-time employment is common (55%), although there are differences by subgroup. For example, Protective Service Workers (which includes Police, Fire and Emergency Workers and Security Officers and Guards) is largely a male workforce (77%) and has a relatively low level of part-time employment (13%).

Are qualifications needed?

Entry pathways are varied, reflecting the diverse range of services provided by workers in this group. Around 47% of workers have a certificate III or higher vocational qualification, 25% do not hold a post-school qualification and 23% have a bachelor degree or higher.

Health and Welfare Support Workers (which includes Ambulance Officers and Paramedics and Dental Hygienists, Technicians and Therapists) is the most highly educated subgroup, with nearly 90% holding post-school qualifications.

Top employing occupations

Aged and Disabled Carers 240,900
Child Carers 132,500
Waiters 131,700
Education Aides 118,800
Bar Attendants and Baristas 103,400
Nursing Support and Personal Care Workers 92,700
Welfare Support Workers 72,800
Police 70,900
Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials 62,700
Security Officers and Guards 52,500
Fitness Instructors 38,900
Beauty Therapists 38,700
Cafe Workers 33,100
Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses 26,200
Dental Assistants 21,900
Prison Officers 20,400
Fire and Emergency Workers 20,300
Ambulance Officers and Paramedics 16,800
Other Personal Service Workers 16,000
Massage Therapists 15,500

Are there job opportunities?

Some occupations in this group provide good entry level employment opportunities. For example, young workers (aged 15 to 24 years) account for 52% of Hospitality Workers and post-school study is often not needed for these jobs.

For jobs within the heath care sector, check online recruitment websites as they are regularly used by employers. It is important that you also remember to check the websites of big employers, as many will only advertise jobs on their own websites.

Community and Personal Service Worker occupations are the least likely to be in shortage according to analysis by the National Skills Commission. In the 2021 Skills Priority List, 8% of assessed occupations in this group are in shortage (the lowest proportion of all assessed occupation groups). Despite this, Enrolled Nurse, Child Care Worker and Aged or Disabled Carer are in shortage and have strong projected future demand.

Will there be future opportunities?

Jobs in this group typically require skills that are less likely to be automated (such as interpersonal and communication skills). With most of the workers in this occupation employed in Health Care and Social Assistance, future demand is expected to be driven by population growth, an ageing population and the continued expansion of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS).

Employment by occupation subgroup, Community and Personal Service Workers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Health and Welfare Support Workers 147.8 7.1 5.0 43 74 7 22 34 50 11 13.9
Carers and Aides 616.1 90.4 17.2 61 83 16 21 21 54 21 15.9
Hospitality Workers 299.1 22.7 8.2 70 67 52 6 20 23 53 22.9
Protective Service Workers 161.5 17.3 12.0 13 23 6 17 25 46 19 6.3
Sports and Personal Service Workers 210.3 16.6 8.5 63 62 26 14 25 41 30 6.6
All Community and Personal Service Workers 1,431.4 146.4 11.4 55 69 23 17 23 47 25 14.6

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employers' Recruitment Insights; National Skills Commission, Employment Projections; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021. 

Clerical and Administrative Workers

Clerical and Administrative Workers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:28
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The Clerical and Administrative Workers graphic shows image 28% of jobs are regional. 10% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years.
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11% of workers are self-employed. 28% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 30% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 6% of workers hold an other qualification. 36% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Clerical and Administrative Workers provide support to businesses by organising, storing, manipulating and retrieving information. Employment is spread widely across industries but most jobs are likely to be office-based.

There are opportunities in this group for workers who do not hold post-school qualifications, with more than a third of this group not having completed further study.

Top employing occupations

General Clerks 311,200
Receptionists 164,500
Accounting Clerks 144,100
Contract, Program and Project Administrators 123,000
Office Managers 115,900
Bookkeepers 97,100
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks 94,000
Information Officers 88,300
Keyboard Operators 53,700
Personal Assistants 50,600
Couriers and Postal Deliverers 47,300
Bank Workers 44,800
Payroll Clerks 41,700
Transport and Despatch Clerks 35,500
Call or Contact Centre Workers 33,600
Inspectors and Regulatory Officers 33,600
Credit and Loans Officers 31,000
Insurance, Money Market and Statistical Clerks 30,700
Secretaries 29,400
Practice Managers 27,400

This workforce is mainly female, with women accounting for 74% of these workers. Within this group, though, there is some variation with women making up 96% of Personal Assistants and Secretaries but only 37% of Clerical and Office Support Workers. The age profile of this occupation is relatively old, with close to a quarter of workers aged 55 years or older.

Competition for these positions can be fierce, with employers recruiting for Clerical and Administration Workers typically receiving the highest number of applicants per vacancy of all the occupation groups.

Despite the National Skills Commission determining no assessed Clerical or Administrative Workers occupations are in shortage though the 2021 Skills Priority List, strong projected future demand is anticipated for a number of occupations in this group, including Medical Receptionist, General Receptionist, General Clerk and Program or Project Administrator.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Clerical or Administrative Workers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Office Managers and Program Administrators 270.2 -30.4 -10.1 27 68 4 22 36 31 29 8.2
Personal Assistants and Secretaries 80.4 -16.3 -16.8 36 96 8 26 20 38 31 -16.6
General Clerical Workers 356.4 35.8 11.2 40 84 12 23 26 30 38 9.3
Inquiry Clerks and Receptionists 286.3 4.8 1.7 45 84 20 21 22 31 40 3.6
Numerical Clerks 383.2 12.3 3.3 40 79 7 25 34 28 32 0.6
Clerical and Office Support Workers 91.8 -7.2 -7.2 32 37 12 31 17 21 61 -4.7
Other Clerical and Administrative Workers 239.6 -0.2 -0.1 20 50 9 18 25 29 38 3.1
All Clerical and Administrative Workers 1,715.7 4.0 0.2 35 74 10 23 28 30 36 3.5

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employers’ Insights on the Australian Labour Market: 2020 Data Report; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021.

Sales Workers

Sales Workers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:37
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The Sales Workers graphic shows image 32% of jobs are regional. 40% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 9% of workers are self-employed.
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19% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 22% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 6% of workers hold an other qualification. 53% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Sales Workers sell goods, services and property, and provide sales support. A large share of these workers is employed in Retail Trade (62%).

Few jobs in this group require post-school qualifications and the workforce is relatively young (40% are aged 15 to 24 years).

Top employing occupations

Sales Assistants (General) 586,200
Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers 142,100
Real Estate Sales Agents 95,200
Sales Representatives 65,900
Retail Supervisors 44,400
Pharmacy Sales Assistants 38,200
Motor Vehicle and Vehicle Parts Salespersons 27,800
ICT Sales Assistants 16,300
Other Sales Assistants and Salespersons 15,900
Insurance Agents 15,800
Ticket Salespersons 11,600
Retail and Wool Buyers 10,700
Service Station Attendants 9,600
Visual Merchandisers 8,500
Street Vendors and Related Salespersons 6,900
Models and Sales Demonstrators 5,900
Telemarketers 4,200
Auctioneers, and Stock and Station Agents 4,000
Other Sales Support Workers 4,000

These jobs are often people’s first employment and the seven day a week trading hours of many retail stores create part-time employment opportunities for students (58% of jobs are part-time).

Jobs are often advertised through informal methods, while some vacancies are filled through applicants approaching employers for work. Research by the National Skills Commission (NSC) indicates that for employers recruiting Sales Workers around 28% advertise by word-of-mouth, 16% use social media and 12% are approached directly by a job seeker.

The NSC's 2021 Skills Priority List anticipates strong projected future demand for the following Sales Worker occupations: Pharmacy Sales Assistant, Insurance Agent and Motor Vehicle or Caravan Salesperson.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Sales Workers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Sales Representatives and Agents 182.9 -20.2 -9.9 17 42 7 22 34 33 28 2.7
Sales Assistants and Salespersons 765.1 -0.1 0.0 64 60 45 13 15 21 58 1.9
Sales Support Workers 189.7 11.4 6.4 76 71 52 11 15 16 62 1.9
All Sales Workers 1,101.3 -39.1 -3.4 58 59 40 14 19 22 53 2.0

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Employers’ Insights on the Australian Labour Market: 2020 Data Report; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021.

Machinery Operators and Drivers

Machinery Operators and Drivers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:41
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The Machinery Operators and Drivers graphic shows image 35% of jobs are regional. 11% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 14% of workers are self-employed.
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11% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 51% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Machinery Operators and Drivers operate machines, vehicles and are mainly employed in Transport, Postal and Warehousing, Manufacturing and Construction. More than one third of workers are employed in regional Australia.

The National Skills Commission's 2021 Skills Priority List anticipates strong projected future demand for the following Machinery Operators and Driver occupations: Truck Driver, Storeperson and Agricultural and Horticultural Mobile Plant Operator.

Top employing occupations

Truck Drivers 160,500
Storepersons 137,900
Delivery Drivers 74,900
Forklift Drivers 61,400
Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers 57,100
Automobile Drivers 48,600
Bus and Coach Drivers 47,900
Earthmoving Plant Operators 47,600
Other Stationary Plant Operators 20,100
Other Mobile Plant Operators 16,100
Crane, Hoist and Lift Operators 15,100
Engineering Production Workers 14,600
Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural Plant Operators 12,500
Other Machine Operators 12,300
Sewing Machinists 11,200
Train and Tram Drivers 11,100
Industrial Spraypainters 7,900
Paper and Wood Processing Machine Operators 7,200
Plastics and Rubber Production Machine Operators 4,200
Clay, Concrete, Glass and Stone Processing Machine Operators 3,200

Post-school qualifications are often not essential to gain employment in this group, but tickets or licences are mandatory for many positions. Employers value skills such as communication, teamwork, problem solving, creativity and initiative. If you are considering working in this area, it may pay to look beyond vacancy websites. Around one in five employers use social media when hiring Machinery Operators and Drivers and it is not uncommon for positions to be advertised through word-of-mouth or by recruitment agencies.

This occupation group is mostly male (89% of the workforce). Within this group though, there is some variation, with females accounting for one in five people employed as Storepersons.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Machinery Operators and Drivers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Machine and Stationary Plant Operators 166.3 -4.3 -2.5 10 16 8 23 6 39 48 1.7
Mobile Plant Operators 140.7 20.3 16.9 10 4 8 27 6 31 53 -0.1
Road and Rail Drivers 353.4 4.8 1.4 24 6 8 33 13 29 51 7.9
Storepersons 137.9 17.1 14.2 27 22 23 17 16 22 55 2.7
All Machinery Operators and Drivers 790.4 28.7 3.8 19 11 11 27 11 31 51 4.4

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Survey of Employers’ Recruitment Experiences; National Skills Commission, Employers’ Insights on the Australian Labour Market: 2020 Data Report; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021. 

Labourers

Labourers Alexander Vilagosh Wed, 09/22/2021 - 16:48
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The Labourers graphic shows image 40% of jobs are regional. 26% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 15% of workers are self-employed.
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10% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 24% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 7% of workers hold an other qualification. 59% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

 

Annual employment growth

Labourers perform a variety of routine and repetitive physical tasks. Some Labourer jobs require physical fitness (like Building and Plumbing Labourers) but not all involve heavy work (for example, Fast Food Cooks).

Jobs in this group are often advertised informally, with many being filled by applicants approaching the employer directly.

Most Labourer positions do not generally require post-school qualifications, a large share of workers are aged 15 to 24 years and part-time work is common. Accordingly, there are good opportunities for young people to gain work experience or combine work with study. There are also opportunities for workers across Australia, with 40% of Labourers employed in regional areas.

Top employing occupations

Commercial Cleaners 167,000
Kitchenhands 138,800
Packers 71,300
Other Miscellaneous Labourers 70,500
Shelf Fillers 65,000
Building and Plumbing Labourers 63,200
Handypersons 46,700
Fast Food Cooks 44,500
Domestic Cleaners 39,500
Garden and Nursery Labourers 35,500
Concreters 31,500
Food and Drink Factory Workers 29,900
Housekeepers 28,100
Livestock Farm Workers 27,200
Crop Farm Workers 24,900
Insulation and Home Improvement Installers 22,600
Structural Steel Construction Workers 22,600
Product Assemblers 22,200
Car Detailers 19,000
Meat, Poultry and Seafood Process Workers 17,100

While formal qualifications are not necessarily a requirement for these roles, some may require mandatory tickets or licences. In addition, job seekers will generally need to possess a driver licence and their own transport.

Almost a third of employers who recruit for Labourers use word-of-mouth. If you are looking for work in these occupations, consider speaking to friends, family and your broader network about opportunities. There has also been a large increase in the proportion of employers using social media when hiring Labourers (from 12% of employers in 2019 to 21% in 2020).

Employment by occupation subgroup, Labourers

  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t May 2021 5 year change
to May 2021
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2025
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Cleaners and Laundry Workers 280.2 11.3 4.2 66 58 13 28 14 23 57 4.4
Construction and Mining Labourers 170.1 4.0 2.4 15 3 18 14 5 36 50 4.9
Factory Process Workers 194.2 5.0 2.6 26 36 18 19 14 19 60 1.2
Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers 110.0 -11.5 -9.4 35 28 23 22 5 29 55 2.1
Food Preparation Assistants 190.5 18.5 10.8 82 52 60 10 9 13 74 8.6
Other Labourers 233.9 33.8 16.9 50 23 27 25 7 23 58 4.6
All Labourers 1,181.9 59.4 5.3 48 35 26 20 10 24 59 4.4

Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Characteristics of Employment; ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Labour Force (seasonally adjusted and annual averages of original data); National Skills Commission, Survey of Employers’ Recruitment Experiences; National Skills Commission, Employers’ Insights on the Australian Labour Market: 2020 Data Report; National Skills Commission, Skills Priority List, 2021.