Additional Information

Additional Information Alexander Vilagosh Fri, 09/24/2021 - 14:11

Occupation matrix

Occupation matrix Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 13:50

How do I use the Matrix?

Employment and training decisions should be made after consideration of all relevant issues, including aptitude, interests, expectations about pay and working conditions, training requirements and goals.

The Occupation Matrix includes summary statistical information for around 350 occupations, which can provide useful background, but it needs to be read in conjunction with other occupational resources.

Titles in the Matrix have been grouped into broad categories based on field of work to assist users to better explore the labour market. There are 21 groupings.

  • Accounting, Banking and Financial Services
  • Administration and Human Resources
  • Advertising, Public Relations, Media and Arts
  • Agriculture, Animal and Horticulture
  • Automotive, Transport and Logistics
  • Construction, Architecture and Design
  • Education and Training
  • Electrical and Electronics
  • Engineers and Engineering Trades
  • Executive and General Management
  • Government, Defence and Protective Services
  • Health and Community Services
  • Hospitality, Food Services and Tourism
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Legal and Insurance
  • Manufacturing
  • Mining and Energy
  • Personal Services
  • Sales, Retail, Wholesale and Real Estate
  • Science
  • Sports and Recreation

Some titles appear in more than one category. The relevant occupation major group is listed in brackets after each occupation title.

Key Occupation
M Managers
P Professionals
TT Technicians and Trades Workers
CP Community and Personal Service Workers
CA Clerical and Administrative Workers
SW Sales Workers
MO Machinery Operators and Drivers
L Labourers

Employment and employment change

The employment information gives the total number of people employed in the occupation at May 2021. It includes both full-time and part-time workers.

Employment change refers to levels of employment increasing or decreasing, as well as the percentage change, over the five years to May 2021.

Data Source: ABS, Labour Force, seasonally adjusted

Working part-time

This column shows the proportion of workers in the occupation who work part-time. The information uses the ABS definition of part-time, which is working less than 35 hours per week.

Data Source: ABS, Labour Force, annual averages of original data

Female

This shows the proportion of those employed in the occupation who are female.

Data Source: ABS, Labour Force, annual averages of original data

Aged 15 to 24 years

This shows the proportion of those employed in the occupation who are aged 15 to 24 years

Data Source: ABS, Labour Force, annual averages of original data

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force (employed plus unemployed). The unemployment rate is presented in three categories: below average, average and above average. These categories are based on the occupation’s average unemployment rate over 2021 relative to the average across all occupations.

Occupational unemployment rates do not reflect underutilised skills (such as an Accountant working as an Accounting Clerk). The occupational unemployment rate may be lower than the published national unemployment rate as it does not include first-time job seekers and those who have not worked full-time or part-time in the past two years.

An occupation may have a high unemployment rate but also be experiencing shortages for particular skills.

Data Source: ABS, Labour Force, annual averages of original data

Median earnings

Median weekly earnings are before tax and are for full-time workers. The median earnings ranges are for all ages and levels of experience. They are indicative only and cannot be used to determine what a worker will actually earn. Data are not available for all occupations.

Key Occupation
$ < $1055
$$ $1056 to $1,312
$$$ $1,313 to $1,643
$$$$ $1,644 to $2,133
$$$$$ > $2,133

Data Source: ABS, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, May 2018

No post-school qualification

The figures are a percentage of those employed in the occupation who have not completed education other than preprimary, primary or secondary education.

Data Source: ABS, Survey of Education and Work

Projected employment change

This presents the percentage change in employment projected over the five years to November 2025.

A large projected percentage growth in a small occupation can yield fewer new jobs than low projected growth in large occupations.

  • For example, 20% projected growth in an occupation that employs 300 people will create 60 new jobs. However, 5% projected growth in an occupation that employs 10,000 people will provide 500 new jobs.

These estimates do not provide any guidance about the number of job seekers in each occupation. Although there may be a large number of new jobs, there may be strong applicant competition for available positions.

Data Source: National Skills Commission, Employment Projections

The occupation matrix

Accounting, Banking and Financial Services

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Accountants (P) 198.1 22.4 12.7 19 52 4 Above Average $$$$ - 8.6
Accounting Clerks (CA) 144.1 21.3 17.4 37 79 8 Average $$ 32 2.1
Auditors and Company Secretaries (P) 32.8 11.5 53.9 12 47 6 Below Average $$$$ - 14.7
Bank Workers (CA) 44.8 -10.6 -19.1 25 70 11 Below Average $$ 42 -5.9
Bookkeepers (CA) 97.1 2.8 2.9 67 90 3 Below Average $$$ 32 0.9
Credit and Loans Officers (CA) 31.0 -1.6 -5.0 12 52 6 Below Average $$ 30 0.8
Debt Collectors (CA) 5.4 -6.8 -55.7 28 54 9 Below Average $$ 50 -4.5
Economists (P) 6.3 0.6 10.5 26 28 17 Below Average - - -5.8
Finance Managers (M) 68.7 16.3 31.1 12 46 0 Below Average $$$$$ 13 5.5
Financial Brokers (P) 32.8 0.4 1.3 15 36 2 Below Average $$$$$ 18 10.6
Financial Dealers (P) 17.8 1.4 8.3 18 25 3 Below Average $$$$$ - -3.8
Financial Investment Advisers and Managers (P) 52.1 3.1 6.4 18 28 4 Below Average $$$$$ - 10.8
Insurance, Money Market and Statistical Clerks (CA) 30.7 0.0 0.1 22 70 11 Below Average $ 31 2.1
Payroll Clerks (CA) 41.7 3.9 10.4 29 87 6 Below Average $$ 38 -0.1

Administration and Human Resources 

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Archivists, Curators and Records Managers (P) 8.7 4.3 96.1 11 70 4 Below Average $$$$ 40 1.9
Call or Contact Centre and Customer Service Managers (M) 46.1 5.7 14.0 13 48 3 Below Average $$$$ 36 -17.6
Call or Contact Centre Workers (CA) 33.6 7.5 28.9 24 66 16 Average $$ 40 7.3
Contract, Program and Project Administrators (CA) 123.0 -0.2 -0.2 15 53 4 Average $$$ 18 8.8
Corporate Services Managers (M) 48.2 39.7 466.6 13 46 1 Below Average $$$$$ 13 7.8
Filing and Registry Clerks (CA) 16.8 -3.9 -19.0 38 75 14 Below Average $$ 41 -0.6
General Clerks (CA) 311.2 36.8 13.4 41 84 11 Above Average $ 36 10.5
Human Resource Managers (M) 72.0 22.9 46.6 12 56 2 Below Average $$$$$ 16 15.6
Human Resource Professionals (P) 80.4 18.4 29.6 16 71 5 Average $$$$ 21 7.2
Information Officers (CA) 88.3 14.4 19.5 28 74 17 Average $ 37 12.1
Keyboard Operators (CA) 53.7 -0.8 -1.5 38 83 16 Average $$ 48 2.3
Mail Sorters (CA) 15.3 2.7 21.3 36 44 15 Below Average - 90 -8.4
Management and Organisation Analysts (P) 101.5 41.2 68.4 18 44 4 Average $$$$ - 14.9
Office Managers (CA) 115.9 -34.5 -22.9 34 77 4 Below Average $$$ 39 7.3
Personal Assistants (CA) 50.6 2.4 5.0 28 96 8 Average $$ 29 -11.3
Receptionists (CA) 164.5 -16.8 -9.3 57 92 22 Above Average $$ 44 -0.4
Secretaries (CA) 29.4 -20.5 -41.0 47 95 9 Below Average $$ 29 -25.7
Survey Interviewers (CA) 3.2 1.6 104.6 77 34 7 Below Average $$$ 65 1.1
Switchboard Operators (CA) 1.7 -3.4 -66.3 68 95 15 Below Average $$ 225 -20.2

Advertising, Public Relations, Media and Arts

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021 (Pending)
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers (P) 8.4 0.9 12.6 52 58 26 Below Average $$$ - 4.4
Advertising and Marketing Professionals (P) 88.9 19.9 28.8 20 59 11 Average $$$$ 11 21.1
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers (M) 156.5 30.7 24.4 12 44 3 Average $$$$$ 18 13.5
Artistic Directors, Media Producers & Presenters (P) 12.9 -2.2 -14.5 25 49 6 Below Average $$$$ 10 -9.2
Authors, and Book and Script Editors (P) 9.4 4.4 87.0 51 76 1 Below Average $$$ 11 5.6
Fashion, Industrial and Jewellery Designers (P) 12.4 0.1 0.5 23 55 10 Below Average - 36 19.4
Film, Television, Radio and Stage Directors (P) 18.3 2.9 18.7 23 33 6 Below Average $$$ 17 8.9
Gallery, Library and Museum Technicians (TT) 9.1 1.4 18.0 53 89 1 Below Average $$$ 25 -3.6
Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators (P) 54.1 0.9 1.6 29 53 12 Average $$$ 13 12.9
Jewellers (TT) 3.2 1.2 57.9 25 38 2 Below Average - 11 0.4
Journalists and Other Writers (P) 27.9 3.1 12.6 33 66 11 Below Average $$$ - 6.1
Models and Sales Demonstrators (SW) 5.9 -2.2 -27.3 86 85 2 Below Average $$$$ 83 1.5
Music Professionals (P) 13.0 2.8 28.0 70 31 22 Below Average $$$$ 47 -1.6
Performing Arts Technicians (TT) 17.0 5.3 45.0 44 34 20 Below Average $$$ 24 0.2
Photographers (P) 16.1 5.0 44.8 40 60 6 Below Average - 43 0.5
Public Relations Professionals (P) 25.1 0.6 2.4 32 66 10 Below Average $$$$ - 9.1
Signwriters (TT) 6.2 -1.2 -15.9 16 6 12 Below Average $$$ 52 0.0
Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals (P) 12.5 3.3 36.3 52 64 8 Below Average - 48

11.0

Agriculture, Animal and Horticulture

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021 (Pending)
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Agricultural and Forestry Scientists (P) 6.5 -1.7 -20.8 13 18 6 Below Average $$$$$ - 6.1
Agricultural Technicians (TT) 1.5 -2.7 -64.7 18 35 19 Below Average $$$ - -0.9
Agricultural, Forestry and Horticultural Plant Operators (MO) 12.5 -1.5 -11.0 15 5 19 Below Average $$$ 72 1.8
Animal Attendants and Trainers (TT) 21.5 8.7 68.1 48 80 17 Below Average $ 47 5.8
Aquaculture Farmers (M) 1.4 -0.3 -18.8 15 10 2 Below Average - 86 -5.0
Aquaculture Workers (L) 1.0 -1.0 -51.7 48 13 3 Below Average $ 73 3.8
Crop Farm Workers (L) 24.9 1.7 7.5 35 35 20 Average - 69 -1.4
Crop Farmers (M) 40.8 1.3 3.4 18 21 4 Below Average $$$$ 36 0.8
Deck and Fishing Hands (L) 5.4 -4.4 -44.8 27 24 26 Below Average $$ 47 -2.4
Forestry and Logging Workers (L) 1.1 -0.9 -44.1 9 6 3 Below Average $$ 79 -6.0
Gardeners (TT) 83.0 12.4 17.6 31 12 16 Average $$ 33 8.6
Garden and Nursery Labourers (L) 35.5 -3.9 -9.9 34 18 22 Average $ 37 4.3
Livestock Farm Workers (L) 27.2 -9.9 -26.7 43 40 31 Below Average - 61 5.1
Livestock Farmers (M) 90.6 14.1 18.4 31 35 2 Below Average - 44 2.0
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farm Workers (L) 1.3 -1.3 -50.2 21 28 40 Below Average $$ 58 5.9
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers (M) 28.0 4.6 19.7 22 22 1 Below Average - 41 4.5
Nurserypersons (TT) 2.8 0.0 0.7 21 36 12 Below Average $$ 41 1.8
Primary Products Inspectors (TT) 7.2 4.6 179.4 17 43 0 Below Average $$$$ 32 0.0
Shearers (TT) 0.6 -1.5 -71.4 15 0 32 Below Average - 106 -2.9
Veterinarians (P) 14.1 5.2 59.1 30 71 2 Below Average $$$ - 16.6
Veterinary Nurses (TT) 12.4 3.9 46.3 44 95 36 Below Average $$ 17 8.5

Automotive, Transport and Logistics

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Air Transport Professionals (P) 9.1 -5.6 -38.1 24 9 7 Below Average $$$$$ 13 1.5
Automobile Drivers (MO) 48.6 0.6 1.3 34 3 4 Average $$$ 27 9.6
Automotive Electricians (TT) 9.0 0.9 11.1 6 0 11 Below Average - - 6.3
Bus and Coach Drivers (MO) 47.9 10.8 29.2 38 15 0 Below Average $$$$$ 48 9.1
Car Detailers (L) 19.0 0.7 4.0 42 15 23 Below Average $ 64 1.0
Couriers and Postal Deliverers (CA) 47.3 -2.2 -4.5 23 17 8 Below Average $$ 59 -2.3
Delivery Drivers (MO) 74.9 22.9 43.9 44 9 25 Average $$$ 53 10.1
Forklift Drivers (MO) 61.4 8.4 15.8 9 4 8 Above Average $$$ 56 -1.0
Freight and Furniture Handlers (L) 15.1 -0.6 -3.6 36 10 25 Below Average $ 49 7.1
Marine Transport Professionals (P) 6.1 -4.1 -40.1 11 1 0 Below Average $$$$ - 3.5
Motor Mechanics (TT) 106.6 14.6 15.9 10 2 18 Below Average $$$ 22 1.6
Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories Fitters (L) 12.1 2.9 32.0 8 1 19 Below Average $ 62 5.6
Panelbeaters (TT) 13.0 1.3 10.8 10 0 10 Below Average $$ 26 -5.9
Purchasing and Supply Logistics Clerks (CA) 94.0 13.8 17.2 16 41 8 Above Average $$$ 44 3.9
Railway Track Workers (L) 7.9 5.1 184.3 12 15 25 Below Average $$$$ 59 4.2
Recycling and Rubbish Collectors (L) 4.1 2.0 98.8 18 12 7 Below Average $$ - 0.0
Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers (M) 41.8 -1.3 -2.9 7 23 1 Below Average $$$$$ 34 10.2
Train and Tram Drivers (MO) 11.1 2.7 31.5 3 9 9 Below Average $ 38 6.8
Transport and Despatch Clerks (CA) 35.5 -0.8 -2.3 12 35 7 Below Average $$ 39 5.3
Transport Services Managers (M) 14.3 -11.6 -44.7 13 21 2 Below Average $$$$$ 28 -14.1
Truck Drivers (MO) 160.5 -34.7 -17.8 11 4 5 Above Average $ 57 6.5
Vehicle Body Builders and Trimmers (TT) 5.0 -0.4 -7.8 12 2 2 Below Average $$ 67 0.0
Vehicle Painters (TT) 7.8 -0.2 -2.7 10 5 19 Below Average $$$ 26 -2.1

Construction, Architecture and Design

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021 Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Architects and Landscape Architects (P) 46.4 19.9 75.0 20 37 2 Below Average $$$$ - 17.5
Architectural, Building & Surveying Technicians (TT) 78.2 16.2 26.1 12 14 5 Average $$$$ 20 8.6
Bricklayers and Stonemasons (TT) 24.1 -0.3 -1.3 11 0 10 Below Average $$$$ 41 2.0
Building and Plumbing Labourers (L) 63.2 3.7 6.2 22 3 25 Above Average $$$$ 42 6.5
Cabinetmakers (TT) 25.7 -0.7 -2.8 9 3 24 Below Average $ 25 0.9
Carpenters and Joiners (TT) 143.1 9.6 7.2 9 1 28 Average $$$ 22 8.1
Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians (TT) 11.8 -0.8 -6.6 9 15 6 Below Average $$$ 18 -2.4
Civil Engineering Professionals (P) 53.0 10.8 25.7 8 16 10 Below Average $$$$ - 15.2
Concreters (L) 31.5 -6.0 -16.1 10 2 18 Below Average $$ 63 1.8
Construction Managers (M) 116.7 22.6 24.1 9 9 4 Below Average $$$$$ 12 12.0
Crane, Hoist and Lift Operators (MO) 15.1 -1.4 -8.4 8 1 2 Below Average $$$$$ 29 5.4
Earthmoving Plant Operators (MO) 47.6 7.9 19.8 7 1 3 Below Average $$ 46 0.6
Fencers (L) 8.9 0.6 7.7 14 3 10 Below Average $$$ 38 3.2
Floor Finishers (TT) 8.6 0.1 1.5 24 2 7 Below Average - 68 1.4
Glaziers (TT) 6.7 -6.8 -50.1 7 3 6 Below Average $ 29 -1.2
Insulation and Home Improvement Installers (L) 22.6 1.2 5.5 17 4 9 Below Average $$ 57 4.4
Interior Designers (P) 22.4 12.8 133.1 34 78 4 Below Average $$ - 16.2
Land Economists and Valuers (P) 10.5 0.1 1.0 19 19 3 Below Average $$$$ - 1.8
Other Building and Engineering Technicians (TT) 35.1 10.4 41.9 4 15 3 Below Average $$$$$ 18 15.5
Painting Trades Workers (TT) 44.4 -5.7 -11.4 18 5 11 Below Average $$$ 29 2.6
Paving and Surfacing Labourers (L) 6.5 -1.6 -19.4 13 3 13 Below Average $$$$ 33 2.7
Plasterers (TT) 22.5 -14.4 -38.9 13 0 16 Below Average $$$ 35 -6.1
Plumbers (TT) 84.6 2.1 2.5 7 2 24 Below Average $$$$ 21 6.3
Roof Tilers (TT) 10.3 1.8 20.7 11 2 25 Below Average - 28 3.1
Safety Inspectors (TT) 6.8 3.0 77.5 21 12 4 Below Average $$$$ - 6.2
Structural Steel Construction Workers (L) 22.6 3.2 16.5 7 0 7 Below Average $$$$ 35 6.5
Urban and Regional Planners (P) 19.5 8.4 74.8 17 51 6 Below Average $$$$ - 13.8
Wall and Floor Tilers (TT) 20.7 -3.3 -13.8 19 5 15 Below Average $$$ 41 -4.6

Education and Training

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Driving Instructors (CP) 6.9 1.4 25.7 42 21 2 Below Average $$ 30 7.0
Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers (P) 51.1 14.6 40.1 47 98 14 Below Average $$$ - 17.2
Education Advisers and Reviewers (P) 19.8 5.0 34.1 34 74 2 Below Average $$$$ - 2.0
Education Aides (CP) 118.8 32.3 37.4 75 90 12 Average $$ 23 14.6
Librarians (P) 15.4 4.8 46.0 39 91 3 Below Average $$$$ - 2.6
Library Assistants (CA) 6.5 -0.5 -7.6 44 68 14 Below Average $$$ 27 -0.1
Primary School Teachers (P) 178.9 40.2 29.0 34 86 7 Average $$$$ - 6.5
Private Tutors and Teachers (P) 51.9 6.7 14.7 81 72 38 Below Average $$ 33 10.3
School Principals (M) 23.9 -2.3 -8.8 9 71 1 Below Average - - 13.9
Secondary School Teachers (P) 121.0 -8.9 -6.9 21 64 4 Below Average $$$$ - 6.2
Special Education Teachers (P) 17.8 -7.2 -28.8 41 80 3 Below Average $$$$ 10 19.8
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (P) 6.0 0.7 12.5 67 73 4 Below Average $$$ - -12.0
Training and Development Professionals (P) 29.4 10.5 55.1 18 62 4 Below Average $$$$ 20 -10.0
University Lecturers and Tutors (P) 60.4 12.2 25.4 29 50 3 Average $$$$$ - 9.0
Vocational Education Teachers (P) 38.0 8.0 26.8 35 46 2 Below Average $$$$ - 5.3

Electrical and Electronics

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics (TT) 28.5 0.7 2.4 4 3 23 Below Average $$$ 25 4.0
Electrical Distribution Trades Workers (TT) 5.6 -0.8 -12.9 3 6 1 Below Average $$$$$ - 0.0
Electrical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians (TT) 8.4 -2.4 -21.9 4 4 3 Below Average $$$$ 20 2.3
Electrical Engineers (P) 29.1 9.0 44.8 8 8 5 Below Average $$$$$ - 11.4
Electricians (TT) 175.9 26.8 18.0 8 1 20 Average $$$$ 22 10.9
Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians (TT) 5.9 -0.2 -3.5 12 7 0 Below Average $$$ - -9.6
Electronics Engineers (P) 6.6 -0.8 -10.5 14 10 13 Below Average $$$$$ - 9.1
Electronics Trades Workers (TT) 24.1 -3.9 -14.0 12 5 10 Below Average $$$ 29 -0.1

Engineers and Engineering Trades

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Aircraft Maintenance Engineers (TT) 12.2 1.6 15.4 2 2 15 Below Average $$$$ - 7.8
Chemical and Materials Engineers (P) 5.4 1.2 28.4 14 16 18 Below Average $$$$$ - 5.7
Civil Engineering Professionals (P) 53.0 10.8 25.7 8 16 10 Below Average $$$$ - 15.2
Electrical Engineers (P) 29.1 9.0 44.8 8 8 5 Below Average $$$$$ - 11.4
Electronics Engineers (P) 6.6 -0.8 -10.5 14 10 13 Below Average $$$$$ - 9.1
Engineering Managers (M) 27.7 9.6 53.2 2 17 1 Below Average $$$$$ - 9.0
Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers (P) 41.4 14.9 56.3 7 9 10 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.9
Mechanical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians (TT) 4.9 -0.2 -3.9 13 14 3 Below Average $$$$ 17 4.3
Metal Casting, Forging and Finishing Trades Workers (TT) 3.3 1.7 102.8 28 0 1 Below Average $$$$ 48 2.7
Metal Fitters and Machinists (TT) 106.0 -3.2 -2.9 4 1 12 Average $$$$ 18 -0.9
Mining Engineers (P) 15.4 6.2 67.4 8 23 3 Below Average $$$$$ - 13.9
Precision Metal Trades Workers (TT) 8.7 0.9 11.5 13 5 17 Below Average $$ 50 1.4
Sheetmetal Trades Workers (TT) 6.0 1.5 32.4 7 0 25 Below Average $$$ 31 0.9
Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers (TT) 77.5 9.3 13.7 9 2 16 Average $$$ 18 -0.5
Telecommunications Engineering Professionals (P) 14.4 2.8 24.6 7 27 4 Below Average $$$$$ - 16.3
Toolmakers and Engineering Patternmakers (TT) 4.6 -0.1 -2.7 16 0 2 Below Average - - -2.2

Executive and General Management

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Chief Executives and Managing Directors (M) 57.2 -3.6 -6.0 12 30 0 Below Average - 11 -7.3
General Managers (M) 76.9 17.6 29.8 9 35 0 Below Average - 25 -4.8
Policy and Planning Managers (M) 33.0 13.0 65.3 15 55 0 Below Average $$$$$ - 4.8
Research and Development Managers (M) 15.6 3.7 31.2 14 60 1 Below Average $$$$$ - 10.7

Government, Defence and Protective Services

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Commissioned Officers (Management) (M) 2.3 -0.6 -19.6 0 15 0 Below Average $$$$$ - 3.0
Fire and Emergency Workers (CP) 20.3 -0.5 -2.5 6 17 7 Below Average $$$$ 17 4.0
Inspectors and Regulatory Officers (CA) 33.6 3.1 10.0 15 46 4 Below Average $$$ 31 7.8
Intelligence and Policy Analysts (P) 34.4 12.1 54.5 14 58 4 Below Average $$$$ 12 4.9
Police (CP) 70.9 13.0 22.4 5 26 6 Below Average $$$ 15 7.6
Prison Officers (CP) 20.4 3.7 22.3 3 33 1 Below Average $$$ 19 6.8
Security Officers and Guards (CP) 52.5 5.3 11.3 29 18 10 Below Average $ 23 5.5

Health and Community Services

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Aged and Disabled Carers (CP) 240.9 77.3 47.3 62 76 12 Above Average $$ 18 24.7
Ambulance Officers and Paramedics (CP) 16.8 -5.2 -23.7 17 39 5 Below Average $$$$$ 12 10.6
Anaesthetists (P) 5.6 2.0 56.9 11 32 0 Below Average - - 9.5
Child Care Centre Managers (M) 11.7 -0.4 -3.5 23 92 8 Below Average $$ - 13.3
Child Carers (CP) 132.5 -12.5 -8.6 55 96 27 Above Average $ 20 10.2
Chiropractors and Osteopaths (P) 11.9 3.4 40.5 52 44 2 Below Average - - 5.8
Counsellors (P) 25.7 5.0 24.0 42 82 3 Below Average $$$ - 14.5
Dental Assistants (CP) 21.9 -1.6 -6.8 49 93 24 Below Average $$ 27 0.7
Dental Hygienists, Technicians and Therapists (CP) 8.1 -2.4 -23.1 41 75 6 Below Average - - 6.6
Dental Practitioners (P) 20.3 8.4 70.3 40 52 5 Below Average $$$$ - 16.7
Enrolled and Mothercraft Nurses (CP) 26.2 2.5 10.5 59 91 9 Below Average $$$ - 9.8
Generalist Medical Practitioners (P) 70.2 10.5 17.5 24 47 2 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.3
Health and Welfare Services Managers (M) 32.9 10.5 47.3 15 79 1 Below Average $$$$$ - 17.8
Massage Therapists (CP) 15.5 -0.9 -5.3 72 86 7 Below Average $ - 15.6
Medical Imaging Professionals (P) 17.2 3.5 25.8 35 75 5 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.1
Medical Technicians (TT) 33.8 2.3 7.3 47 81 12 Below Average $$ 10 14.4
Midwives (P) 25.9 9.2 55.0 58 99 4 Below Average $$$$$ - 25.1
Ministers of Religion (P) 23.7 9.1 62.5 29 27 3 Below Average - 32 -0.8
Nurse Educators and Researchers (P) 7.5 2.3 44.2 36 89 0 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.8
Nurse Managers (P) 19.5 5.7 40.9 23 78 2 Below Average $$$$$ - 18.1
Nursing Support and Personal Care Workers (CP) 92.7 -8.7 -8.6 56 75 15 Below Average $$ 20 6.7
Nutrition Professionals (P) 11.0 6.9 171.6 48 94 3 Below Average $$$$ - 10.4
Occupational & Environmental Health Professionals (P) 27.2 6.9 33.8 17 50 6 Below Average $$$$ 21 20.4
Occupational Therapists (P) 18.5 3.0 19.5 31 91 12 Below Average $$$ - 17.1
Optometrists and Orthoptists (P) 5.7 0.8 15.6 33 64 10 Below Average - - 18.6
Personal Care Consultants (CP) 6.0 -1.9 -24.6 53 77 0 Below Average $$$ - 5.8
Pharmacists (P) 42.6 11.5 36.8 25 58 11 Below Average $$$$ - 7.6
Physiotherapists (P) 34.8 15.2 77.8 26 65 9 Below Average $$$ - 14.0
Podiatrists (P) 8.1 5.1 173.5 35 65 2 Below Average - - 14.1
Practice Managers (CA) 27.4 4.2 18.2 40 89 1 Below Average $$$ 21 10.8
Psychiatrists (P) 1.8 -1.9 -50.8 16 50 0 Below Average - - 5.1
Psychologists (P) 31.9 1.5 5.0 38 83 2 Below Average $$$$ - 22.8
Registered Nurses (P) 309.1 47.2 18.0 48 88 7 Average $$$$ - 15.6
Social Professionals (P) 11.5 1.8 19.2 48 64 10 Below Average $$$$ - 12.0
Social Workers (P) 40.5 14.8 57.8 41 86 4 Below Average $$$$ - 15.2
Specialist Physicians (P) 12.9 7.2 124.0 18 53 1 Below Average $$$$$ - 10.0
Speech Pathologists and Audiologists (P) 15.0 2.6 21.3 37 95 5 Below Average $$$$ - 24.1
Surgeons (P) 6.3 -2.4 -27.6 20 36 0 Below Average - - 10.8
Welfare Support Workers (CP) 72.8 9.8 15.5 33 70 8 Below Average $$$ 14 17.7
Welfare, Recreation and Community Arts Workers (P) 33.8 9.3 38.2 35 78 6 Below Average $$$ 13 23.1

Hospitality, Food Services and Tourism

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Bakers and Pastrycooks (TT) 39.6 19.1 93.5 33 45 16 Below Average $ 34 1.1
Bar Attendants and Baristas (CP) 103.4 5.1 5.2 60 56 46 Above Average $$ 46 10.2
Butchers and Smallgoods Makers (TT) 20.7 5.8 38.8 15 7 23 Below Average $$ 39 0.0
Cafe and Restaurant Managers (M) 65.5 0.7 1.0 25 52 8 Below Average $$$ 41 35.0
Cafe Workers (CP) 33.1 15.0 82.7 81 79 51 Average $ 70 12.1
Caravan Park and Camping Ground Managers (M) 1.6 -1.4 -46.9 14 37 0 Below Average - - 2.9
Chefs (TT) 91.2 3.7 4.2 31 28 10 Average $$ 20 19.4
Conference and Event Organisers (M) 28.7 -1.3 -4.4 34 76 9 Below Average $$$ 20 0.8
Cooks (TT) 43.6 9.2 26.9 52 57 24 Below Average $$ 46 -2.0
Fast Food Cooks (L) 44.5 3.1 7.4 85 31 78 Average - 79 13.4
Food Trades Assistants (L) 7.3 3.0 68.3 74 60 54 Below Average $ 47 1.7
Gallery, Museum and Tour Guides (CP) 5.6 -0.9 -14.2 40 43 17 Below Average - 69 0.0
Gaming Workers (CP) 9.3 0.1 1.5 30 22 13 Below Average $$$ 44 4.6
Hotel and Motel Managers (M) 24.7 5.6 29.3 18 45 4 Below Average $$ 51 0.3
Hotel Service Managers (CP) 9.5 1.7 22.6 36 47 22 Below Average $$ 18 1.8
Kitchenhands (L) 138.8 14.1 11.3 82 60 53 Above Average $$$ 67 6.9
Licensed Club Managers (M) 4.9 1.7 51.4 6 50 12 Below Average $$ 92 0.4
Tourism and Travel Advisers (CP) 12.6 -9.0 -41.7 48 79 5 Below Average $$$ 33 -2.7
Travel Attendants (CP) 8.3 -1.9 -18.7 41 55 9 Below Average $$ - 5.5
Waiters (CP) 131.7 1.9 1.5 80 77 61 Above Average $ 62 42.3

Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Computer Network Professionals (P) 38.6 12.7 49.2 7 16 4 Below Average $$$$ 10 30.4
Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists (P) 52.8 7.4 16.3 8 18 4 Below Average $$$$ 11 19.8
Graphic and Web Designers, and Illustrators (P) 54.1 0.9 1.6 29 53 12 Average $$$ 13 12.9
ICT Business and Systems Analysts (P) 41.1 15.7 61.5 7 33 3 Below Average $$$$$ 18 27.7
ICT Managers (M) 84.4 30.6 56.8 7 28 2 Below Average $$$$$ 22 8.3
ICT Sales Professionals (P) 21.4 3.8 21.7 6 27 2 Below Average $$$$$ 32 0.9
ICT Support and Test Engineers (P) 17.4 9.9 130.5 10 19 6 Below Average $$$$ - 34.0
ICT Support Technicians (TT) 61.1 16.4 36.6 12 20 13 Average $$$ 15 19.1
ICT Trainers (P) 2.5 -1.0 -29.1 26 66 0 Below Average $$$$ - -7.1
Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers (P) 18.9 8.6 83.3 16 14 5 Below Average $$$ 23 25.0
Software and Applications Programmers (P) 150.7 50.7 50.8 8 20 5 Average $$$$ - 30.0
Telecommunications Trades Workers (TT) 15.0 -8.1 -35.2 12 3 10 Below Average $$$$ 27 -4.6

Legal and Insurance

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Actuaries, Mathematicians and Statisticians (P) 12.5 6.0 93.4 16 40 8 Below Average $$$$ - 6.8
Barristers (P) 11.7 5.5 88.5 11 40 0 Below Average - - 19.5
Conveyancers and Legal Executives (CA) 14.6 -0.6 -3.7 35 89 31 Below Average $$ 24 2.7
Court and Legal Clerks (CA) 15.6 -0.5 -3.2 35 71 18 Below Average $$ 32 -5.4
Insurance Agents (SW) 15.8 7.0 79.6 17 59 10 Below Average $$$ 10 -2.6
Insurance Investigators, Loss Adjusters and Risk Surveyors (CA) 4.6 -0.7 -12.8 18 32 4 Below Average $$ 37 0.0
Solicitors (P) 96.6 24.0 33.1 13 58 4 Below Average $$$$ - 20.4

Manufacturing

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Boat Builders and Shipwrights (TT) 4.7 -0.3 -6.1 4 0 25 Below Average $$$ 22 1.5
Canvas and Leather Goods Makers (TT) 0.9 -2.6 -73.0 15 20 16 Below Average - - -19.4
Clay, Concrete, Glass & Stone Processing Machine Operators (MO) 3.2 -0.3 -8.1 6 0 4 Below Average - 83 -0.1
Clothing Trades Workers (TT) 7.2 3.1 75.6 48 83 8 Below Average $$ 36 -7.7
Engineering Production Workers (MO) 14.6 -6.1 -29.5 7 4 5 Below Average $$$$ 49 -8.0
Food and Drink Factory Workers (L) 29.9 9.2 44.7 14 34 19 Below Average $$ 55 6.8
Industrial Spraypainters (MO) 7.9 3.2 69.8 12 0 12 Below Average $$ 34 0.0
Manufacturers (M) 24.4 2.3 10.3 14 19 1 Below Average $$$$ 33 -1.8
Meat Boners and Slicers, and Slaughterers (L) 9.4 1.7 22.0 9 15 6 Below Average $ 88 -1.1
Meat, Poultry and Seafood Process Workers (L) 17.1 -4.3 -20.1 22 35 16 Below Average $ 61 -4.3
Metal Engineering Process Workers (L) 9.9 -0.6 -5.5 9 2 22 Below Average $ 63 -10.1
Packers (L) 71.3 4.1 6.1 42 55 21 Above Average $ 63 4.0
Paper and Wood Processing Machine Operators (MO) 7.2 2.7 59.1 13 11 11 Below Average - 102 -3.9
Plastics and Rubber Factory Workers (L) 3.1 -0.3 -9.7 22 24 17 Below Average $$$ - -19.2
Plastics and Rubber Production Machine Operators (MO) 4.2 -2.9 -40.4 2 9 12 Below Average $ 48 -10.8
Print Finishers and Screen Printers (TT) 2.6 -0.5 -15.4 22 12 7 Below Average $ - -11.2
Printers (TT) 12.9 0.2 1.4 18 14 5 Below Average $$ 37 -11.2
Printing Assistants and Table Workers (L) 1.2 0.1 7.2 52 30 29 Below Average $$$ 55 -7.4
Product Assemblers (L) 22.2 -1.3 -5.6 17 19 14 Average $ 68 -1.1
Product Quality Controllers (L) 8.0 -3.1 -27.7 16 52 12 Below Average $ 41 0.5
Production Managers (M) 61.5 6.3 11.5 5 17 0 Below Average $$$$$ 36 3.8
Sewing Machinists (MO) 11.2 2.6 30.0 43 81 4 Below Average - 93 -2.3
Textile & Footwear Production Machine Operators (MO) 1.6 1.0 150.3 41 40 12 Below Average $$$ - -10.8
Timber and Wood Process Workers (L) 4.0 0.6 16.9 27 13 35 Below Average $ 76 -14.9
Upholsterers (TT) 3.0 -0.8 -20.7 17 0 19 Below Average - 54 -9.4
Wood Machinists and Other Wood Trades Workers (TT) 4.3 -0.2 -4.5 23 28 15 Below Average - 36 -14.2

Mining and Energy

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Chemical, Gas, Petroleum and Power Generation Plant Operators (TT) 10.6 -1.6 -13.0 7 11 2 Below Average $$$$$ 19 0.0
Drillers, Miners and Shot Firers (MO) 57.1 11.2 24.5 1 11 8 Below Average $$ 48 8.5
Geologists and Geophysicists (P) 13.0 2.9 28.7 9 25 3 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.3
Mining Engineers (P) 15.4 6.2 67.4 8 23 3 Below Average $$$$$ - 13.9

Personal Services

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Beauty Therapists (CP) 38.7 6.5 20.1 65 100 13 Below Average - 10 7.7
Car Detailers (L) 19.0 0.7 4.0 42 15 23 Below Average $ 64 1.0
Caretakers (L) 6.9 -1.3 -15.3 46 19 6 Below Average - 24 2.3
Commercial Cleaners (L) 167.0 20.0 13.6 67 60 14 Above Average - 60 7.8
Domestic Cleaners (L) 39.5 7.7 24.3 80 77 7 Average $ 39 0.1
Funeral Workers (CP) 6.2 0.3 4.8 27 43 0 Below Average $$$ 19 3.1
Gardeners (TT) 83.0 12.4 17.6 31 12 16 Average $$ 33 8.6
Hairdressers (TT) 65.1 2.5 3.9 47 81 25 Below Average $ 20 6.0
Handypersons (L) 46.7 6.8 17.2 42 6 4 Average $ 57 9.4
Housekeepers (L) 28.1 -3.5 -11.2 67 78 10 Average $ 42 -10.3
Laundry Workers (L) 9.6 -0.2 -2.2 58 62 15 Below Average $$$ 53 2.5

Sales, Retail, Wholesale and Real Estate

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers (M) 156.5 30.7 24.4 12 44 3 Average $$$$$ 18 13.5
Auctioneers, and Stock and Station Agents (SW) 4.0 3.2 386.6 1 1 1 Below Average $$$$ 18 5.3
Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers (SW) 142.1 8.1 6.1 83 72 62 Above Average $ 69 3.6
Florists (TT) 7.6 0.4 5.3 44 95 14 Below Average - - 0.0
ICT Sales Assistants (SW) 16.3 -0.5 -3.0 26 32 23 Below Average $$ 27 0.4
Importers, Exporters and Wholesalers (M) 25.8 7.4 40.6 22 21 1 Below Average - 37 3.8
Models and Sales Demonstrators (SW) 5.9 -2.2 -27.3 86 85 2 Below Average $$$$ 83 1.5
Motor Vehicle and Vehicle Parts Salespersons (SW) 27.8 -1.5 -5.0 15 12 12 Below Average $ 43 3.0
Pharmacy Sales Assistants (SW) 38.2 -3.3 -8.0 68 82 54 Below Average $$ 44 1.8
Real Estate Sales Agents (SW) 95.2 -1.4 -1.4 18 45 7 Below Average $ 25 8.5
Retail and Wool Buyers (SW) 10.7 5.4 102.5 7 42 5 Below Average $$ - 2.9
Retail Managers (M) 262.5 37.7 16.8 21 47 9 Above Average $$$ 39 -3.5
Retail Supervisors (SW) 44.4 -1.9 -4.0 34 58 32 Below Average $$ 61 -2.0
Sales Assistants (General) (SW) 586.2 28.9 5.2 71 64 50 Above Average $ 62 2.2
Sales Representatives (SW) 65.9 -27.6 -29.5 16 38 6 Average $$ 36 -3.5
Service Station Attendants (SW) 9.6 -0.5 -5.2 73 41 35 Below Average - 41 4.1
Shelf Fillers (L) 65.0 10.1 18.4 76 36 50 Average $$ 72 6.0
Storepersons (MO) 137.9 17.1 14.2 27 22 23 Above Average $ 55 2.7
Street Vendors and Related Salespersons (SW) 6.9 -3.1 -31.2 56 53 2 Below Average $$ 21 -21.4
Technical Sales Representatives (P) 23.5 -10.4 -30.7 9 34 0 Below Average $$$ 32 4.0
Telemarketers (SW) 4.2 -1.3 -23.6 32 63 20 Below Average $ 100 -12.2
Ticket Salespersons (SW) 11.6 -1.0 -8.0 52 69 30 Below Average $$ 27 -5.8
Vending Machine Attendants (L) 6.8 2.7 67.8 43 75 14 Below Average $$ 94 -8.4

Science

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Agricultural and Forestry Scientists (P) 6.5 -1.7 -20.8 13 18 6 Below Average $$$$$ - 6.1
Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists (P) 13.6 -0.6 -4.0 12 37 4 Below Average $$$$ - 0.0
Environmental Scientists (P) 28.4 6.1 27.1 26 45 13 Below Average $$$$ 23 7.7
Geologists and Geophysicists (P) 13.0 2.9 28.7 9 25 3 Below Average $$$$$ - 15.3
Life Scientists (P) 8.0 -0.3 -3.4 18 54 6 Below Average $$$$ - 3.8
Medical Laboratory Scientists (P) 30.1 6.4 27.1 25 61 4 Below Average $$$$ - 2.9
Science Technicians (TT) 21.1 9.8 86.0 29 55 9 Below Average $$$ - 2.6
Surveyors and Spatial Scientists (P) 12.1 -1.3 -9.6 11 21 14 Below Average $$$$ - -0.5

Sports and Recreation

Occupation Employ’t May 2021 5 year change to May 2021   Working Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Unemploy’t Rate
2021
Median Earnings No Post-school Qual Projected Employ't Change
  ‘000 ‘000 % % % %     % %
Amusement, Fitness and Sports Centre Managers (M) 16.2 2.9 22.2 20 46 14 Below Average - 32 14.4
Fitness Instructors (CP) 38.9 10.4 36.4 70 58 18 Below Average $$ 18 8.5
Greenkeepers (TT) 12.8 0.7 5.7 26 7 12 Below Average $$ 27 5.9
Outdoor Adventure Guides (CP) 5.2 3.0 136.4 28 66 41 Below Average - 75 16.6
Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials (CP) 62.7 18.2 41.0 80 45 54 Average $$$ 42 8.9
Sportspersons (CP) 8.6 -6.5 -43.1 71 36 68 Below Average $$$$ 22 13.0

Glossary

Glossary Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 13:45

Employed: The ABS classifies people as employed if they were in a paid job (or worked without pay in a family business or farm) for one hour or more in a week.

Fiscal stimulus: a decision taken by the government to increase economic growth. This is usually by increasing government spending (examples include giving taxpayers a cash payment to spend or funding infrastructure projects like new roads) or through reducing taxes to encourage people to spend more.

Full-time employment: The ABS classifies people as employed full-time if they typically work 35 or more hours a week.

Labour force: The sum of employed and unemployed people. Those not in the labour force includes people who are not employed and who are not looking for work (for example, people who are studying, caring for children or family members on a voluntary basis, retired, or who are permanently unable to work).

Image
Picture. Employed + Unemployed = Labour force.

 

Labour market: Essentially, this is the “jobs” market. It is the amount of people willing and able to work, and the demand from employers to fill their advertised vacancies. Potential employees compete to get the most satisfying job, while employers compete to attract the best candidates.

Participation rate: The percentage of people aged 15 years and over who are in the labour force (either employed or unemployed). A participation rate of 66%, for example, would mean around two-thirds of the population is either in work or is looking for work. People who are not employed and not looking for a job (such as full-time students, stay at home parents and retirees) are not considered to be participating in the labour market.

Image
Picture. Participation rate = Labour force divided by population (15+ years) times 100.

 

Part-time employment: The ABS classifies people as employed part-time if they typically work less than 35 hours per week.

People leaving the labour force: People may leave the labour force for many reasons, including enrolling in full-time study, caring for a family, ill health, or retiring.

Recession: A recession is is two quarters of consecutive negative GDP growth, typically resulting in job losses and an increase in the unemployment rate. Past recessions include the Great Depression of 1929-39 and the early 1990s recession in Australia.

Seasonally adjusted data: Data which has had seasonal effects removed to allow a more reliable interpretation of the strength of the labour market. An example of these seasonal effects would be the large scale hiring that occurs in the lead up to Christmas. If these seasonal effects are not removed, they can conceal the true story of what is happening with the data.

Trough: In economic terms, this refers to a stage in the business cycle where activity is bottoming, or where prices are bottoming, before a rise. The low point.

Unemployed: People who are not employed, but are actively looking for work.

Unemployment rate: The unemployment rate is the percentage of people in the labour force who are unemployed. When the economy is performing poorly and jobs are scarce, the unemployment rate is expected to rise. When the economy is growing at a healthy rate and jobs are readily available, it can be expected to fall.

Image
Picture. Unemployment rate = unemployed divided by labour force times 100.

Useful websites and links

Useful websites and links Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 16:03

Understanding the labour market

National Skills Commission

The National Skills Commission (NSC) provides data and insights on Australia’s labour market, workforce changes and identifies current and emerging skills needs. It routinely publishes information on a range of labour market issues such as the impacts of COVID-19 on businesses. The NSC also develops new ways to interpret and use data, such as establishing innovative methods to link skills to occupations, and explore transferability of skills, as well as creating experimental datasets to provide timely labour market information.

Labour Market Information Portal

The National Skills Commission’s Labour Market Information Portal (LMIP) brings together data from a range of official sources to help you understand your local labour market.

Help finding a job or choosing a career

Your Career

Are you looking for your first job, a change in career or a return to the workforce? The Your Career website makes it easy. Your Career is an initiative of the National Careers Institute and the Department of Education, Skills and Employment. It provides clear and simple careers information and to assist Australians of all ages and circumstances better plan and manage their career. Your Career helps people find careers information and advice and acts as a single source of careers information for all Australians. Visit the Your Career website to be connected to further education, training or work options to support your current career needs or goals.

School Leavers Information Kit and School Leavers Information Service

The School Leavers Information Kit and Information Service helps young people aged 15 - 24 understand their education, training, and work options in the years following school. School leavers can call, text or email the School Leavers Information Service to talk with a qualified career practitioner for free. These trained professionals can provide support and help school leavers explore occupations related to specific skills, interests and values. They can also help young people navigate and interpret occupational information. Call 1800 CAREER (1800 227 337) or SMS ‘SLIS2021’ to 0429 009 435. Young people with a hearing or speech impairment can call 1300 555 727 and ask for 1800 CAREER (1800 227 337) or go to the National Relay Service website for other options.

What’s Next?

The What’s Next? website provides a range of online resources to help workers facing retrenchment to manage the transition to their next job as quickly as possible.

AgMove – Relocation Assistance

Information on the initiative that helps with costs for eligible people who relocate to take up short term agricultural work, including harvest work in Australia.

Information about tertiary education and training

Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching

Provides information about Australian universities, including study experiences and employment outcomes.

myskills

An online database of Vocational Education and Training options, including information about providers, courses, outcomes and fees.

training.gov.au

Information on training packages, qualifications, courses, units of competency and Registered Training Organisations.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research

Provides research and statistics about Vocational Education and Training and the links between education and the labour market.

myfuture

An online career exploration service which includes information on a range of career-related topics.

Data sources

Data sources Alexander Vilagosh Tue, 09/21/2021 - 16:13

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

  • Labour Force, Australia, May 2021
  • Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, May 2021
  • Education and Work, May 2020
  • Characteristics of Employment, Australia, August 2020
  • Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations
  • Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification

Employment data at the national and state level are seasonally adjusted (where available). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ABS has suspended the publication of trend estimates until the medium to long-term nature of the impact is understood. All other data are annual averages of original data.

Employment data at the regional level are 12 month averages of original data.

  • Because of the different bases for these data, state and regional employment and employment change figures are not comparable.

Employment data for Industry and Occupation groups are ABS data seasonally adjusted by the National Skills Commission (where available) but all other employment data (such as employment profile figures) are annual averages of original data.

For many small occupations and regions, the standard errors are relatively large. Accordingly, employment data may exhibit considerable variation and should be used with caution.

Regional areas are defined as those outside Greater Sydney, Greater Melbourne, Greater Brisbane, Greater Adelaide, Greater Perth, Greater Hobart, Darwin and the Australian Capital Territory.

The ‘no post-school qualification’ figures are for employed persons who have not completed education other than pre-primary, primary or secondary education. The ‘other qualification’ figures include - vocational education and training certificate I, II and not further defined; level of education inadequately described; and level of education not stated.

Department Education, Skills and Employment

  • Higher Education Student Data Collections

Higher education data are for domestic student enrolments in universities.

National Skills Commission

  • Australian Skills Classification
  • Emerging Occupations
  • Internet Vacancy Index
  • Recruitment Experiences and Outlook Survey
  • Skills Priority List

Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching

  • 2020 Graduate Outcomes Survey

Undergraduate and postgraduate full-time employment outcomes are a proportion of those who were available for full-time work four months after completing their degree. Overall employment outcomes are a proportion of those who were available for any work four months after completing their degree.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research

  • Apprentice and trainees, 2020 (December quarter)
  • Total VET Students and Courses, 2020
  • VET student outcomes, 2019

Vocational Education and Training graduate employment outcomes data are for all graduates who improved employment status after training. Vocational Education and Training student enrolment data are for individuals who were enrolled in a subject or program in 2020.

Some Vocational Education and Training student enrolment data relate to program enrolments (that is, study for a qualification course or skill set).