No one method is sufficient to identify all emerging occupations.
The NSC has taken three complementary approaches (Figure 3), which involve:
- Referencing skills projections produced by Burning Glass Technologies based on internet job advertisements. The NSC identified top job titles associated with high-growth skills and manually reviewed the job titles for these to identify genuinely new roles. As the top growing skills were often technology tools, many of the top growing ‘job titles’ reflected that tool (for example, .Net Developer). Such titles were excluded from the analysis.
- Analysing the linkages between Australian job advertisement data from Burning Glass Technologies and other classification systems (such as O*NET), to give an indication of acceptance of emerging occupations in other contexts. This was followed by quality assurance processes to ensure these occupations align with the guiding principles of the project.
- Reviewing job advertisement data from Burning Glass Technologies to identify job titles that have at least doubled over the last five years. While this method was the most qualitative of the approaches, job titles are sometimes used by employers to signal a substantially new job is emerging, so we conduct this exercise for comprehensiveness.
Figure 3: Emerging occupations identified by the National Skills Commission